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Vaccinations for your Puppy

Vaccines are an essential part of your pet’s protection against serious infectious diseases. Some diseases are common and deadly to your puppy, making those vaccines imperative for all dogs (e.g., parvo). Other diseases are rare and not every dog needs protection (e.g., Lyme). Your veterinarian will help you determine the best protocol for your pet.

THE KEY POINT: Vaccines should be given every 3 weeks until the puppy is 4 months old.

  • Stopping vaccines early, no matter how many vaccines the puppy has already had, is not advised. A dog’s immune system may not fully respond to many vaccines until it is 4 months old.
  • Longer intervals between vaccines risks infection if the puppy’s antibody levels fall, making it susceptible to disease.
  • Breeds at high risk for parvo (Dobermans, Rottweilers, Greyhounds, Whippets, etc.) or dogs with high exposure risk for parvo should also get a parvo vaccine at five months old (or have antibody levels tested).

Vaccines available to protect your dog:

Distemper (D) A viral disease of the lungs, intestine, brain and heart. Usually fatal.
Hepatitis (H) A viral disease of the liver. Uncommon, often fatal.
Parainfluenza (P) A virus causing bronchitis.
Parvo (P) A viral disease of the intestines and heart. Common. Often fatal.
Bordetella (B) A bacteria causing bronchitis.
Rabies (R) A virus fatal to humans and animals.
Lyme (L) A bacteria caused by ticks associated with joint and fever.

 

Puppy’s Age Do Today Remainder of Vaccines Needed
6 wks DHPP,
fecal
DHPP,
B, 9 wks
DHPP,
B, 12 wks
DHPP,
Lyme, 15 wks
Parvo, R, Lyme,
Heartworm, 18 wks
7 wks DHPP,
fecal
DHPP,
B, 10 wks
DHPP,
B, 13 wks
DHPP,
Lyme, 16 wks
Parvo, R, Lyme,
Heartworm, 19 wks
8 wks DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B, 11 wks
DHPP,
14 wks
DHPP, R,
Lyme, 17 wks
Lyme,
Heartworm, 20 weeks
9 wks DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B, 12 wks
DHPP,
15 wks
Parvo, R,
Lyme, 18 wks
Lyme,
Heartworm, 21 weeks
10 wks DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B, 13 wks
DHPP,
16 wks
Parvo, R,
Lyme, 19 wks
Lyme,
Heartworm, 22 weeks
11 wks DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B, Lyme, 14 wks
DHPP, Lyme,
R, 17 wks
Heartworm
12 wks DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B, Lyme, 15 wks
DHPP, R,
Lyme, 18 wks
Heartworm
13 wks DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B, Lyme, 16 wks
DHPP, R,
Lyme, 19 wks
Heartworm
14 wks
or older
DHPP,
B, fecal
DHPP,
B , R, Lyme, 17 wks
or 3 wks later
Lyme,
Heartworm,
3 weeks later

 

After completing the vaccine series, an annual booster of all vaccines will be due 1 year after the final set. Then, vaccines will be required every 3 years. IVS recommends annual visits and a “staggered” vaccine protocol. Bordetella is required annually.

Heartworm prevention is important for all dogs in this region now that this disease is established in Orange County. Heartworm disease is spread by mosquito bites, injecting larvae that migrate to your dog’s heart. A pill is given to protect your dog from this parasite. These pills are started after the final vaccine series and given monthly by you for the dog’s lifetime.

A microscopic examination of the stool for parasites (fecal) is very important in all puppies. It should be repeated yearly.

Vaccinations for your Kitten

Vaccines are an essential part of your pet’s protection against serious infectious diseases. Some diseases are common or easily spread, making vaccines imperative for all cats (e.g.: distemper, leukemia). Other diseases require direct contact so cats that may go outdoors or to kennels/groomers need these vaccines. Your veterinarian will help you determine the best protocol for your pet.

THE KEY POINT: Vaccines should be given until the kitten has completed the entire series.

  • Stopping vaccines early is not advised. A cat’s immune system may not fully respond to an incomplete series or one stopped before 4 months of age.
  • Longer intervals between vaccines risks infection if the puppy’s antibody levels fall, making it susceptible to disease.
  • Leukemia testing (a blood test) is strongly advised prior to starting leukemia vaccines. The vaccine will not protect a cat already infected with the virus.

Vaccines available to protect your cat:

Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) A virus, highly contagious, infecting the eyes, nose, mouth and sometimes lungs.
Calicivirus (C) A virus, highly contagious, infecting the eyes, nose, mouth and sometimes lungs.
Panleukopenia (P) A virus, highly contagious, infecting the intestines and blood cells. (Cat distemper). Often fatal.
Feline Leukemia (FeLV) A virus, highly contagious, damages the cat’s immune system. Fatal.
Rabies (R) A virus fatal to humans and animals.

 

Kitten’s Age Do Today Remainder of Vaccines Needed
8 wks FVRCP,
fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV 11 wks
FVRCP,
FeLV 14 wks
R 17 wks
9 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV 12 wks
FVRCP,
R 15 wks
10 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV 13 wks
FVRCP,
R 16 wks
11 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV 14 wks
FVRCP,
R 17 wks
12 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV, 15 wks
R 18 wks
13 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV, 16 wks
R 19 wks
14 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV, 17 wks
R 20 wks
15 wks FVRCP,
FeLV fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP,
FeLV, 18 wks
R 21 wks
16 wks or older FVRCP,
FeLV,
R, fecal,
leuk. test
FVRCP, FeLV,
19 wks or 3 weeks later

 

After completing the initial vaccine series and an annual booster of all vaccines, FVRCP and Rabies are given every 3 years. IVS recommends annual visits with a “staggered” vaccine protocol. FeLV is required annually.

A microscopic examination of the stool for parasites (fecal) is very important in all kittens. It should be repeated yearly.